Gum disease, simple gingivitis (gingivitis), surrounding the root of the alveolar bone inflammation and melting (periodontitis) causes a wide range of infections.

What Is Gingivitis?

It is an early stage of gum disease. The gums become red and inflamed; bleeding is observed in the gums when the teeth are brushed or eaten.

What Is Periodontitis?

It is the more advanced stage of gum disease in which the bone supporting the teeth is also affected.

What are the causes of gum disease?

The most important of the causes of gum diseases are the microbialdental plaque accumulated between the teeth surfaces and the stones formed by the removal of this plaque.

But it is important to remember that gum disease does not only occur from lack of oral care. Gum disease can also be caused by misalignment of teeth, the presence of rotten teeth in the mouth, the presence of false or poorly made veneers, and by faulty chewing forces. You may also become more prone to gum disease during pregnancy or along with some systemic diseases such as diabetes.

What is the treatment of periodontal disease?

Gum diseases are slow in progress and it can take years for bone loss to occur enough to cause teeth to sway. But as the disease progresses, treatment becomes more difficult. Therefore, you should be examined regularly by your dentist to eliminate this risk.

In most cases, the treatment of gum disease is simple. The first treatment usually consists of professional cleaning done by the dentist using special tools and devices to remove the plaque and stones around the tooth tissues. The first step of treatment is to decontaminate the teeth with the help of a brush, floss and an interface brush.

The surgical procedures performed under local anesthesia are called peridontal operations in order to treat enlarged, pulled gums, cavities that have occurred due to the melting of the alveolar bone, and bone melts. In these operations, auxiliary biomaterials such as membrane, bone graft are used to target the re-formation of lost tissues. Operations need to be checked at intervals of 3-6 months after.

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