What is an Implant? How is Implant Treatment Done?
Implants are artificial tooth roots that are placed in the jawbone and support the teeth with prostheses. Thanks to this process and the dentures placed, chewing ability increases. Prostheses can be attached thanks to titanium screws placed inside the jawbone. In this article, we will provide detailed information to our patients who frequently ask the question “What does an implant mean?”
Implant treatment: It is an artificial root application performed for individuals who have experienced tooth loss for various reasons, with the aim of restoring the aesthetics and function caused by the missing tooth or teeth. These screwed teeth are called “implant teeth”.
The dental implant surface consists of titanium, which has the highest level of compatibility with soft tissue and bone. It is cylindrical and has different lengths and diameters. Tooth transplantation is performed surgically in a single session under local anesthesia. The decision to apply a dental implant is made after the patient is evaluated in terms of bone suitability, systemic diseases, social habits and hygiene habits before the application. As a result of various x-rays taken, the size of the implant to be applied is decided. There is a waiting period of 3-4 months after the application. At the end of this period, implant-supported prosthesis manufacturing begins.
In addition to implant treatment, you can have healthy and white teeth thanks to our teeth whitening service.
Single tooth deficiencies: With the classical system, a single tooth deficiency can be eliminated by abrading two adjacent teeth in a comic shape and producing a 3-member bridge reinforced by them. In this case, a more aesthetic and functional treatment can be achieved with a single implant, without touching the adjacent teeth.
Completely toothless condition (total toothlessness): The total prosthesis (palate) applied in case of total toothlessness is the type of prosthesis with the weakest retention in the mouth. The fact that it moves to various degrees during chewing and speaking negatively affects patient comfort. In patients with sufficient bone levels, at least 5-6 implants are applied to each jaw and a fixed prosthesis is made on top of them. Secondly, in cases where bone levels are not suitable, implants are applied to the anterior region and a removable prosthesis is made based on these implants. The aim of this option is to increase the retention of the removable prosthesis and make it easier for the patient to use it.
Jaws with toothless back ends: This makes bridge production impossible. In order to make a bridge for missing teeth, the patient must have his own tooth at the end and end of the missing part. For this reason, a removable prosthesis (half palate) is applied to toothless jaws. In patients who refuse to use removable dentures, fixed dentures can be made by applying implants to toothless areas.
In cases of long edentulism: Even if the patient has natural teeth at the beginning and end of the edentulous area, a bridge cannot be applied because it will be too long. Because there is a danger of breaking and stretching on long bridges. In addition, the lifespan of the teeth to be used as bridge pillars will be shortened as they will be overloaded. In such cases, a more functional and long-lasting prosthesis is made by applying an implant to the long gap.
There are many types of implants today. However, it is the most common type of screw implant. The type of implant used depends on the patient’s jawbone and supporting tissue. What are the different types of implants and how are implants applied according to these types:
Endosteal Implant: It is a type of implant used when one or more teeth are missing. It is used in the inner part of the jaw bone. It is one of the most commonly used implant types today. They are classified as screw, blade and cylindrical.
Subperiosteal Implant: These implants are prepared by taking bone measurements. Thanks to these implants, the chewing force is distributed to the entire jaw bone. They are in cage form. It is one of the most recognized types of implants.
Intramucosal Implant: This is a type of titanium implant. They are used to improve prosthesis retention, but are not widely used today.
Endodontic implant: It is a type of dental implant used to repair weak tooth structures. It is used to create a strong jaw structure.
Transmandibular implant: It is a type of implant used to correct bone volume deficiencies. It is not widely used today because it is a difficult treatment.
Implant; It is a dental treatment performed to eliminate the missing permanent teeth. With implant treatment, it is aimed to restore the old aesthetic appearance of the area and make it capable of chewing again. It can be applied in almost all cases if there is empty space in the jawbone.
On the other hand, an implant is a treatment applied to a broken tooth. Implant treatment planning can be made for broken teeth that cannot be saved and that are decided to be extracted. However, in this case, it may be necessary to wait a while for the gums to heal and the extraction space to be filled with bone.
In short, the implant can be applied to individuals with missing teeth in any case, as long as there is sufficient bone.
In addition, implants are used to ensure the retention of removable full dentures, popularly known as palate prostheses. Thanks to the implant used at this point, the patient can use the palate prosthesis more comfortably. The biggest advantage of this method, also known as Overdenture, is that it can be applied even to patients who have lost all their teeth. Overdentura is also used to provide aesthetics in patients with severe tissue loss. In other words, even if a sufficient number of implants have been placed to make a fixed prosthesis, if the level and form of the patient’s soft tissues are not suitable to ensure the aesthetics of the fixed prosthesis, an Overdenture prosthesis can be applied to this patient.
Implant treatment; It is performed under local anesthesia, which is used in dentistry. After detailed examination and tests, individuals can receive implant treatment. Let’s talk about how dental implants are made.
First of all, some images (panoramic x-ray, regional tomography) are taken from the patient to determine the thickness, width, density of the jawbone and the gaps and border crossings close to the area.
What size and thickness of implant to place is decided with the help of these views.
Two different techniques are generally followed for the placement of dental implants. In the single-phase process, following the placement of the implant, a smoothing cap for the gums is also placed.
In this method, the beautification cap is visible in the area where the implant is placed after the operation. In this case, the healing process is expected.
In the other two-stage method, following the dental implant application, the area is covered with gum. During the healing process, nothing about the implant is visible.
After the healing is completed and the implant bone fusion occurs, the implant is uncovered and the gum healing cap is attached.
Which of the two techniques will be applied is decided by looking at the patient’s oral care, whether he has a systemic disease, and his smoking and alcohol use. Discontinuous teeth can be placed in both treatment methods, depending on the suitability of the mouth. The said straightening process can take up to 3 months for the lower jaw and up to 4-5 months for the upper jaw. The biggest factor in determining the duration of this period, called the waiting or recovery period, is bone hardness. In some cases, newly made teeth can be quickly attached to dental implants.
Medicines prescribed by the doctor should be used regularly.
The tampon placed on the application area should be kept in the mouth for approximately 1 hour.
Cold compresses should be applied starting immediately after the operation, this will prevent swelling from occurring.
Cigarettes, alcohol, carbonated and acidic drinks should be avoided for at least 1 week.
For the first few days, nutrition should be with warm and soft foods.
Trying to look at the operation area by pulling the cheek after the operation will cause bleeding as a result of stretching of the stitches and deterioration of wound healing.
Bleeding in the form of leakage is normal for the first day. It is a wrong practice to put cotton or napkins on the area to stop the bleeding. If bleeding becomes severe, a doctor should be consulted.
Since there is a risk of bleeding, it should be preferred to sleep on a higher pillow on the first night.
Blood thinners and aspirin should not be used 1 week before and after the operation.
Mouthwash can be used 2 days after the operation.
Brushing the teeth around the operation should not be neglected, as the bacteria accumulated here negatively affects healing. Brushing should be done gently and with softer brushes for 1 week.
Stitches should be removed 1 week after the operation.
After answering the questions “What is implant treatment and how is the implant applied?”, answering the questions “why should I have an implant and what are its benefits” is important in eliminating the question marks in your mind. The implant has numerous advantages. Its primary benefit is that it can remain in the mouth for many years without causing any problems. The longest known implant use period is 40 years. After daily care, the chewing functions closest to your natural teeth are a treatment that will not cause any discomfort for many years. It is considered one of the most valuable dental inventions of the 21st century.
There are many advantages that implant treatment provides to the individual:
Implants improve a person’s quality of life.
The comfort of being able to talk and eat without fear of the prosthesis falling off is felt.
It reduces osteoporosis by preventing bone loss.
It also regulates speech and eliminates bad breath.
The lifespan of teeth created with implant treatment is extremely longer compared to other treatment methods. Some doctors even give a lifetime guarantee for their teeth.
After treatment, the teeth are easy to clean. Since it is no different from other teeth, the same formulas can be used to clean teeth with suitable implants.
It allows you to continue your daily life comfortably without having to limit your daily activities such as speaking and laughing.
How Do Implant Treatment Prices Vary?
After answering the question of how the implant is applied, another important question is how the implant prices change. Talking about a certain number for implant prices may mislead those who want to benefit from this process. Because you may encounter various prices. This is because prices can vary depending on various factors. Titanium is used to make the screw-like material used in this process. Today there are many companies producing this medical equipment.
One of the factors affecting implant prices is implant brands. Which company’s product is preferred plays a critical role in determining implant prices. Domestic and foreign implants allow you to encounter various prices. Of course, the quality of these works may vary. Implants with high quality values may be more valuable than works with lower quality levels. As a result, the brand and quality of the implant are the most important factors affecting the price.
You can choose us for root canal treatment, which is a definitive and professional solution for your painful teeth.