Prosthetic Teeth – Aesthetic Coating
Prosthetic dental treatment is a preferred practice in cases of irreversible losses. Before starting the treatment, the patient undergoes a detailed preliminary examination to check whether he is suitable for the prosthesis. If there is any problem in the patient’s existing teeth and tissues that would prevent the use of prosthesis, periodontal treatment can be applied first. After tooth and tissue treatment, an area will be created where the prosthetic tooth can be inserted more easily. Dentures applied without treatment will not be durable and may cause the patient to feel uncomfortable.
Prosthetic dental treatment aims to provide the patient with a healthy mouth structure and create an area that can be cleaned more easily. In this way; Lost chewing function, speech and aesthetic appearance can be restored. The beginning of the digestive system is the mouth. Teeth digest food and initiate the digestion process. Prosthetic dental treatment contributes to the proper functioning of the digestive system by improving the patient’s chewing functions. The color of the prosthetic teeth is chosen as close as possible to the patient’s natural teeth, providing an aesthetically pleasing appearance. With prosthetic dental treatment, the patient’s losses are eliminated and his/her separation from social life is prevented.
In fixed prosthesis dental treatment, the prosthesis is glued to the patient’s mouth using the cementation technique. Screw systems may also be preferred for fixing the prosthesis. When the treatment is completed, the prosthesis remains fixed in the patient’s mouth. The patient cannot remove the fixed prosthesis on his own. Fixed dentures provide a comfortable chewing function. Existing natural teeth are cut and reduced in size to fit the prosthesis. The prosthesis made with precise measurements is placed on the reduced teeth.
First, a model is made with the measurements taken for the fixed prosthesis. The prosthesis is created on the model made. Contact with teeth and tissues is examined and rehearsed in detail. The prosthesis contact points are corrected and finalized to avoid discomfort. The treatment is completed by fixing the prosthetic tooth on the existing teeth. The getting used to fixed denture teeth is shorter than the removable types.
Bridge dental prosthesis can be applied in cases where more than one tooth is lost for various reasons. It is a way to repair the losses in the middle of natural teeth. The patient’s existing teeth, on which the bridge will be fixed, are cut and reduced in size. Missing teeth are crowned with the reduced natural teeth.
Natural teeth to be used as reinforcement during the bridge process must be intact. If there are any problems in the teeth and tissues, these problems must be resolved first so that the prosthesis can be applied more easily. A discontinuous prosthesis can be made with the measurements taken in bridge treatment. The real prosthesis is rehearsed and comfortable use is ensured. In the last stage of the treatment, the discontinuous prosthesis is removed and the patient is fitted with a fixed prosthesis.
Titanium alloy screws placed in the jawbone are called implants. Implants placed in the patient’s jaw create a solid reinforcement. This treatment, which is performed with the help of implants, is used not only in fixed prostheses but also in removable prosthesis treatments. If there is one or more tooth loss, the dentist may choose the implant technique. An implant can be applied during tooth extraction, or the gum can be reopened for the implant after smoothing is achieved. There are implants from different manufacturers for the patient to choose from.
The number of implants to be used in implant-supported prostheses is determined by taking into account the patient’s mouth structure and the condition of the tissues. If the oral structure and tissues are suitable for the all on four technique, 4 implants for the upper and lower jaw will be sufficient. In other implant-supported prosthesis options, 6 to 8 implants in the upper jaw and 8 implants in the lower jaw can be used for fixed prosthesis dental treatment.
The all on four implant technique is a practice developed in the early 2000s. It may be preferred for cases where there is a lot of tissue loss and for patients who want to use a fixed prosthesis. 4 implants are placed in the patient’s lower jaw in an angled form. Thanks to the 3D model created with the help of tomography, the mouth structure is examined in detail. The implant is placed by choosing the most correct positions. After complete smoothing is achieved in the implanted areas, the prosthesis can be attached to the patient. The advantages of the all on four implant technique can be listed as follows.
The number of implants to be used is less.
Surgical intervention time is shorter.
The treatment period is short and it is more affordable than other methods.
In this technique, the prosthetic tooth does not cover the patient’s palate.
It provides ease of use and less loss of taste texture.
It is easier to get used to as there will be fewer foreign objects in the mouth.
It is one of the most suitable options for patients who do not want to use a removable prosthesis.
In the all on four system, the discontinuous prosthesis can be fitted quickly after the implants are placed in the patient’s jawbone. In this way, the treatment process becomes much more comfortable with the help of a discontinuous prosthesis. After complete smoothing is achieved, the prosthesis is fixed on the implants with the final examination. During the treatment period, the dentist’s care and usage recommendations should be followed. Recovery time may vary depending on the patient and the condition of the tissues. With careful oral care, the discontinuous prosthetic tooth is removed after approximately 3 months and replaced with the prosthesis made for the patient.
Special materials are used when making dentures to ensure that they cause less discomfort and last for a long time. Acrylic materials, also known as polymethyl methacrylate or PMMA, are used in the denture base. Special colored acrylic materials make the prosthesis resemble gums. In this way, an aesthetic view compatible with natural teeth and tissues is created. Upper jaw prostheses are made to completely cover the palate. Different techniques are used in prostheses applied to the lower jaw. The lower jaw prosthesis is made in a U form to leave enough space for the tongue.
Porcelain materials are usually used to make dentures look like real teeth. There is a metal structure underneath the porcelain material, which is light permeable like natural teeth, to increase durability. Metal infrastructure, even slightly, may spoil the aesthetic view.
With the developing technology, zirconium, which is used successfully in other areas of medicine, is another well-known material that has become widely preferred in dental prostheses. Zirconium can be used as a porcelain infrastructure and can prevent the unpleasant appearance caused by metal infrastructure. Since this material is light permeable, just like porcelain, it allows dentures to be made that more closely resemble the patient’s own teeth. Zirconium also; It is among the materials frequently used in the medical field because it does not conduct heat and electricity and is resistant to high temperatures and impacts.
Following the dentist’s instructions after prosthetic dental treatment prolongs the life of the prosthesis and provides more comfortable use. Each type of prosthetic tooth has different care and cleaning methods. In addition to denture care, oral care is also important for long-term and comfortable use. Maintenance and cleaning of fixed prosthetic teeth can be done just like natural teeth. Since fixed dentures do not come out of the mouth, the cleaning process can be applied while the denture is in the mouth. Just like natural tooth cleaning, it is recommended to take the same care for dentures.
Effervescent tablets added to water may be preferred for cleaning removable denture teeth. After the tablet is dissolved, the prosthesis can be cleaned by keeping it in the prepared water for a while. A toothbrush or denture brush can also be used to clean the denture. It is also recommended to clean the mouth before reinserting the prosthesis.
Prosthetic tooth prices vary depending on the patient’s condition and the application to be performed. The treatment method preferred after the preliminary examination by the dentist will also clarify the cost of prosthetic teeth. Denture prices also vary depending on whether the denture is fixed or removable. Discontinuous denture prices are usually included in the treatment price. Information on this subject can also be obtained during the preliminary examination performed by a specialist physician.
Fixed prosthetic tooth prices may be certain during the treatment process. Additional materials such as implants and bone powder used in this process are among the factors taken into account in pricing. The price of permanent dental prosthesis varies depending on the number of implants to be used. Each implant added will change pricing. Single tooth prosthesis prices may vary depending on the implant brand to be chosen and the material used to manufacture the prosthesis. Porcelain and zirconium are the most popular materials used in the production of crowns and prosthetic teeth.